The institutional framework for the implementation of NAADS programme consists of institutions as defined in the NAADS Act, June 2001. These institutions are:
• Farmer Institutions
• Local Governments
• Private Sector
• The NAADS Board
• NAADS Secretariat
• The Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development
• The Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries
They are the cardinal elements for farmer empowerment in the NAADS implementation. They are responsible for organizing, formulating and prioritising farmers’ needs, then contracting and monitoring service providers. They comprise of:
Farmer Groups: They have the primary responsibility of programme implementation at grassroots levels at parish and village. They are the nuclear grassroots institutions of NAADS implementation and their effective participation and subsequent empowerment will be the principal determinant of success of NAADS and PMA.
Farmer Fora: These comprise of Sub-County Farmer Fora, District Farmer Fora and National Farmer Fora. They have the primary responsibility for priority setting, resource use and upward and downward linkages in programme implementation at sub-county, district and national level. Their collective functions include:
• Planning; costing and contracting advisory services through their Procurement Committees; and monitoring and evaluation.
• Determining priorities and allocation of resources, and performance evaluation of service providers.
• Considering and approving NAADS work plans for final inclusion in the sub-county development plans
• Providing feedback and feed-forward between farmers and Fora at different levels.
• Assessing the quality of service provision
• At national level, furnishing the farmer element to NAADS Board membership.
• Influencing policy direction in the agricultural sector
Local governments in accordance with the Local Governments Act 1997 are charged with the responsibility of implementing NAADS activities in their respective districts. This involves local administration and regulatory aspects and support requirements for NAADS. The Sub-county and District Councils at their respective levels are responsible for policy, assessment of effectiveness and general oversight of NAADS activities and for voting of counterpart financial contributions.
The Ministry of Local Government (MOLG) through its Decentralisation Secretariat and Local Government Finance Commission ensures the integration of NAADS into Local Government Development Projects (LGDP) and all other local government capacity building initiatives in the districts. Through this arrangement, each District and sub-county undertakes full responsibility to implement and supervise the operation of NAADS in partnership with Farmer Groups and Farmer Fora
The main players are:
- Districts and Sub-counties Development, Investment and Production Committees
- Production Departments
- Technical Planning Committees
- Local Administration
The private sector is responsible for delivering advisory services to the farmers on contractual basis in accordance with section 24 of NAADS Act, June 2001
They collaborate with NAADS during the start-up activities of farmer mobilization and farmer institutions’ capacity development. During this time the NGOs assist in the supervision of extension service delivery until service providers have been contracted.
The NGOs, may opt to be contracted as service providers, in which case they are required to register a commercial arm to allow fair competition with other firms, including payment of taxes.
The NAADS Board:
The objectives of the Board include providing guidance on policy, co-ordination to the NAADS Programme; supervision and support to the NAADS Secretariat. It is also responsible for setting targets and approving work plans and budgets for NAADS.
The Secretariat is responsible for providing technical guidance and operational oversight to programme implementation and facilitate outreach and impact. To achieve this, the Secretariat contracts and supervises private professional firms to provide specialised services according to farmers’ priority needs.
The Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development:
The Ministry is responsible for the release of funds for the implementation of NAADS activities. It provides the supervisory role of flow of funds and accountability as laid down under the Poverty Action Fund (PAF
The PMA Steering Committee in this Ministry has the responsibility of overseeing the implementation of all its Seven Components, NAADS being one of them.
The Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries:
The Ministry has the overall responsibility for supervision the NAADS programme implementation through the NAADS Board and the Secretariat. The Ministry is accountable to the Parliament on all matters relating to NAADS.